Compiled by Paul John P. Lanic
BS Psychology - University of Santo Tomas
(August 2012)

            Before one can identify and diagnose a patient with criterion-based findings, a student undertaking psychology must be well equipped so that erroneous interpretations of behavior and underlying mechanisms may be avoided. Discussed here are the common symptoms of mental disorders categorized into 6: Disorders of sensation and perception, intelligence and thought, emotion, speech and verbal behavior, motor behavior, and motivation.

Basic concepts:
  • Signs – these are objective findings/evaluations of a clinician
  • Symptoms – subjective reports of experiences by the patient

            2 types of symptom:
1.      Ego-dystonic – these are symptoms that cause difficulty in the patient and that these are unwelcomed/ unacceptable for the patient
Ex. Dysphagia – difficulty in swallowing).

2.      Ego-syntonic – these are symptoms that are acceptable with the patient
Ex. For persons with Personality Disorder, they manifest disordered behavior because they are satisfying for the person thus that particular behavior becomes enduring and pervasive.

*** Syndromes – group of signs and symptoms that occur together as a recognized condition

Categories of Symptoms
A. Disorders of Sensation and Perception
B. Disorders of Intelligence and Thought
C. Disorders of Emotion
D. Disorders of Speech and Verbal Behavior
E. Disorders of Motor Behavior
F. Disorders of Motivation

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